End of autonomy: India abolishes Kashmir's special status - WritenAreGiven

End of autonomy: India abolishes Kashmir's special status

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End of autonomy: India abolishes Kashmir's special status. The Government of India has abolished the special status for the state of Jammu and Kashmir on the border with Pakistan


End of autonomy: India abolishes Kashmir's special status


The Government of India has abolished the special status for the state of Jammu and Kashmir on the border with Pakistan. The territory is the subject of a long-standing border dispute between the two countries. The situation provoked a sharp reaction from Pakistan and threatened with a potential complication of the conflict between the nuclear powers, and India had already put its troops on high alert.


The Government of India abolished the special status of the state of Jammu and Kashmir, which is enshrined in article 370 of the constitution of the republic. According to her, most of the laws adopted in the country must be approved by the legislators of the region. The article also gives the right to its own constitution and independent decisions on many issues, with the exception of defense, communications and foreign affairs.

A special status should guarantee a certain autonomy to the only Indian state with a Muslim population. However, on Monday, August 5, it was cancelled by a presidential decree, Indian ForeignMinister Amit Shah told parliamentarians.

A special status should guarantee a certain autonomy to the only Indian state with a Muslim population. However, on Monday, August 5, it was cancelled by a presidential decree, Indian ForeignMinister Amit Shah told parliamentarians.


In a speech to Parliament, Shah said that henceforth the “entire constitution” will operate in the state.
According to the bill, Jammu and Kashmir will become a separate union territory with the legislative body. The same status will be given to the historical region of Ladakh, which is separating from the state. Union territories are managed directly by the federal government and do not have a local cabinet, which makes them different from the states.

On Monday, the cancellation of the article was approved by the upper house of the Indian Parliament. According to RIA Novosti, 125 members of the House voted for the bill, 61 against. On Tuesday, August 6, the bill will be considered in the lower house of the Indian Parliament.
As an expert on India Petro Topychkanov noted in an interview with the decision to change the status of Jammu and Kashmir is explained by the fact that the ruling nationalist party, Bharatiya Janata Party, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has a parliamentary majority.

“Otherwise, the parliamentary debate would not have allowed this decision to be held so quickly. And here surprise is needed, otherwise, at the same time as the struggle in parliament, one would have to deal with protests in Kashmir, ”he said. 
Moreover, such a decision weakens Kashmir as an independent unit within the republic.
“Ideally, which the federal authorities are striving for, there will be a more controlled territory, more integrated in India. The special status served as a constant reminder of the unresolved territorial dispute, ”says Topychkanov.
The territory of this region in the northwest of the Hindustan Peninsula is the subject of disputes between the two states and the site of periodic military clashes. Part of Kashmir is located in Pakistan, and Islamabad does not hide its claims to the Indian part of Kashmir.
Given this factor, after the announcement of the deprivation of state special status, India brought its army and air force on high alert.
It is worth noting that in the recent past, the aggravation of the situation around Kashmir has already led to military clashes between India and Pakistan. At the end of February, the Indian Air Force attacked the militant camp of the Jaish-e-Muhammad group banned in Russia located in Pakistan. This was a reaction to the 45-person massacre that was carried out by militants from Pakistan. A suicide bomber blew himself up near the military in the northern Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir
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India’s decision “helps Pakistan because it provokes riots in Kashmir and multiplies the number of Kashmiris who are dissatisfied with the decisions of the current government.”

The decision of India has already provoked a tough reaction in Pakistan. The Foreign Ministry of this country recalled that "Jammu and Kashmir are an internationally recognized disputed territory."

According to the head of the Foreign Ministry, Shah Mehmud Qureshi, the country will consider all possible options, "in order to counter illegal steps." He also noted that Islamabad plans to appeal to the UN in connection with the decision of New Delhi.
Moreover, the UN is the guarantor of the situation in the region, and since 1949, the organization’s military mission has been monitoring the demarcation line between India and Pakistan.
UN Secretary-General António Guterres appealed on Monday to the governments of India and Pakistan with a demand "to observe maximum restraint."
On Sunday, when it became clear that India was about to make such a decision, Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan said that New Delhi should accept the mediation of Washington.

“President Trump has offered to mediate in Kashmir. The time has come to do this since the situation is deteriorating there and along the control line, which is combined with new aggressive actions undertaken by the Indian occupation forces, ”Khan said, according to which the situation could cause an“ explosive regional crisis. ”

India opposes third-country mediation in resolving the situation with Pakistan. As an Indian diplomatic source previously explained to Gazeta.ru, the country considers such mediation an attempt to interfere in its internal affairs.
Hoping for US mediation, the Prime Minister of Pakistan does not lose sight of the military component. On Sunday, August 4, he met with the leadership of the Security Council of the country where the situation in Kashmir was discussed.
The confrontation between India and Pakistan, the two nuclear powers, is causing concern in the world. The exact number of special munitions available to both parties is unknown. However, according to the SIPRI Yearbook for 2017, India has an arsenal of 120-130 nuclear munitions, and the country is gradually increasing its stockpiles of nuclear weapons. Pakistan as of 2017 possessed 140 nuclear warheads (nuclear warheads) and, according to experts, Islamabad is intensively increasing the production of its entire range of nuclear warheads.

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