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Israel will cover: the United States bought the Iron Dome missile defense

A contract was signed in the US for the purchase of two sets of the Israeli Iron Dome missile Israel will cover: the United States bought the Iron Dome missile defense

 Israel will cover: the United States bought the Iron Dome missile defense

A contract was signed in the United States for the purchase of two sets of the Israeli Iron Dome missile defense system to temporarily solve the problems of the US Army missile defense, an official spokesman for the modernization of air defense/missile defense systems said. What is the complex and how Americans plan to fit it into their security architecture, Website understood?

The contract for the acquisition of the Israeli Iron Dome PRK for the needs of the US Army has been signed, and a supply schedule and other details for putting these systems into service will soon appear, said Daryl Youngman, deputy chief of the US Air Defense and Missile Defense modernization service, at a traditional symposium of representatives of the US defense industry on air defense / missile defense in Huntsville (Alabama). Defense News writes about the event.

Recently, the US Army has intensified its work on the development and further adoption of the new tactical air defense / missile defense system under the Indirect Fire Protection Capability (IFPC) program.

At the same time, Americans are striving to quickly get IFPC systems as a temporary means to protect troops from NURS, artillery shells and mortars, as well as unmanned aerial vehicles and cruise missiles, in order to fill up their lack of potential to protect against cruise missiles at least on a temporary basis.
“However, the United States currently does not have its own tactical missile defense system of a tactical level, the more well-proven in combat operations,” Konstantin Makienko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies, told Website
In his opinion, it was in this connection that the attention of the US military was attracted by the Iron Dome ("Iron Dome") missile defense system. The Iron Dome missile defense system was developed by the American company Raytheon and the Israeli company Rafael (Rafael Advanced Defense Systems Ltd.). Part of the system components is manufactured in the United States.
The Israeli complex, according to the US military, may be an interim solution for the creation of a subsequently promising American tactical missile defense system.
“At the same time, it cannot be ruled out that the Iron Dome could become a long-term weapon of the US Army missile defense. It depends on how it will function in the interim, ”said Daryl Youngman shortly before the Huntsville symposium. “We are currently conducting analysis and experimentation to effectively implement the IFPC program.”
Such measures include modelling at the engineering level to determine the effectiveness of several variants of missile defense systems, including the Iron Dome, or elements of this system.
Colonel Chuck Worship, US Army Project Manager for Cruise Missile Defense Systems at the Rocket and Space Program Executive Office, said the IFPC program’s long-term strategy is being finalized. During the summer and autumn, he said, it will become completely clear how the refined contours of this program will look.
The Iron Dome, Defense News writes, will go to equip US Army units and units and will take part in combat training events, both official and unofficial. The US military wants to determine how much Iron Dome organically fits into the architecture of their IFPC program.
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Today, the Iron Dome missile defense system is one of the most popular air defense / missile defense systems in the world.
The Iron Dome was developed with a view to resolving the main Israeli problem related to constant shelling from the Gaza Strip by artillery systems and improvised unguided rockets, for which the complex needed a high-potential multi-functional radar (MRS) based on a phased active grating capable of tracking and issuing ultra-small target designation targets with an effective scattering surface (EPR) of about 0.01-0.02 square meters. m, and also have a high-performance digital computer that can simultaneously determine the degree of threat from each of several dozen flying projectiles by calculating the trajectory and the point of incidence of the latter.
In fact, the Iron Dome system radar system was supposed to combine the qualities of a counter-battery artillery reconnaissance radar with the capabilities of a long-range target designation radar. And such radar was developed.
Each battery of the Iron Dome can protect an area of ​​150 square meters. km The first unit took up combat duty in March 2011. As of July 2014, nine batteries were already on duty throughout Israel. By the end of 2014, 1,200 missiles were successfully shot down with the Iron Dome batteries.
The Iron Dome battery includes the ELTA Systems multifunctional radar station (MRS) ELTA Systems, the Fire Control Center and three launchers with 20 Tamir interceptor missiles.
MRLS EL / M-2084 is designed to detect a target, capture it for tracking and build its flight path. Artillery shells and unguided shells are found at a distance of up to 70-90 km, aviation - up to 450 km. Also, the Iron Dome can intercept guided bombs and free-falling bombs.
Since about 75% of the Kassam missiles do not hit the target, the radar calculates the trajectory and does not issue an intercept command if, according to calculations, the missile falls into an uninhabited area. This allows you to significantly reduce the financial costs of using the Iron Dome.
The missile guidance system on the target is active radar. The missile hits the target by commands received from the radar, which is located on the rocket itself. The length of the Tamir rocket is 3 m, its diameter is 160 mm, and its mass is 90 kg. Firing range - 17-18 km, warhead weight - 11 kg. The price of one battery is, according to various estimates, from $ 50 million to $ 170 million.
Until very recently, each launch of an Iron Dome system rocket cost $ 30-40 thousand, which is many times higher than the cost of any of the possible intercepted missiles. For comparison, the cost of the Grad MLRS rocket is about one thousand dollars, and the home-made Kassam rocket is about $ 200.
Thus, even with 100% effectiveness, intercepting an attack means is much more expensive than the cost of the attack itself.
But the economic efficiency of the system lies in the fact that earlier when a missile hit a residential quarter, the Israeli state paid at least one million shekels (about $ 250 thousand) to the city and its residents.
The US Congress ordered the Pentagon to deploy two Iron Dome batteries by the 2020 fiscal year.

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