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More Than Half Of Russians Fear Nuclear War

More than half of Russians fear nuclear war. More then half of Russians are concerned about the hypothetical start of a nuclear war showed the results of a poll

More Than Half Of Russians Fear Nuclear War

More than half of Russians are concerned about the hypothetical start of a nuclear war, showed the results of a poll. However, most of the population does not know where the bomb shelter closest to them is located. In addition, almost one in five Russians believe that nuclear weapons have never been used for military purposes. The results are published on Hiroshima Day - World Nuclear Weapons Day.

More than half of Russians said they were afraid of nuclear war to a certain extent. This is evidenced by a survey of the All-Russian Center for the Study of Public Opinion ( VTsIOM ). According to the study, 33% of respondents "experienced some concern" about the possible onset of nuclear war. 14% of respondents are very worried about this, and 5% "experience constant fear."

Moreover, almost half - 46% - said they were not worried about the start of a nuclear war.

  • According to VTsIOM, 79% of Russians believe that in the event of a world nuclear war, no one will be able to escape even if there are bomb shelters and food supplies. Only 16% of respondents hold the opposite opinion. At the same time, 71% of respondents do not know where the nearest atomic bomb shelter is, or think that it is not at all. Another 13% are sure that it is, but they do not know where.

  • The real causes of the use of the atomic bomb in military conflicts are known to most Russians - 72%. However, 21% decided that there were no such cases, and another 7% found it difficult to give an answer.

  • The survey was conducted on July 3, 2019, among Russians over the age of 18. During the interview, 1,600 respondents gave interviews. For this sample, the maximum error size with a probability of 95% does not exceed 2.5%.

The results were released on August 6 - World Nuclear Weapons Day. It is also called Hiroshima Day.

  • On this day in 1945, American aviation bombed the Japanese city. At 8 hours 15 minutes after visual aiming from a height of 10 thousand meters, the B-29 Enola Gay carrier (Enola Gay) under the command of Colonel Paul Tibbets dropped an atomic bomb Little Boy ("Kid") on Hiroshima, TNT the equivalent of which was about 20 thousand tons. The bomb exploded at an altitude of 600 meters.

  • As a result of the strike, about 80 thousand people died instantly, more than 12 thousand were missing, and 40 thousand were injured. Fires continued for many hours within a radius of four km from the epicenter of the explosion. On an area of ​​12 sq. Km, the buildings were completely destroyed, out of 90 thousand houses, 62 thousand were destroyed.

  • Just three days later, on August 9, at 11 hours a minute, the crew of the carrier aircraft dropped the Fat Man atomic bomb (“Fat Man”) with a plutonium charge of 20 thousand tons of TNT equivalent to Nagasaki. More than 73 thousand people were killed and missing, later another 35 thousand people died from radiation and injuries. More than half of the injured were burned, up to 30% were injured by the shock wave, 20% were exposed to penetrating radiation. Fires destroyed most of the buildings.

  • As a result of both bombings, about 300 thousand people died and went missing, about 200 thousand were exposed to radiation.

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The atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki are the only examples of the combat use of nuclear weapons in human history.

  • The VTsIOM survey turned out to be especially relevant after the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles (INF Treaty), the main document controlling the nuclear weapons of two key countries of the “nuclear club” —the United States and Russia — ceased to operate on August 2.

  • “On August 2, 2019, on the initiative of the American side, the Treaty between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and the United States of America on the elimination of their medium-range and shorter-range missiles, signed in Washington on December 8, 1987, was terminated,” the Russian Foreign Ministry said in a statement .

  • US Secretary of State  Pompeo confirmed on Twitter that Washington is officially leaving the INF Treaty. “On February 2, the United States gave Russia 6 months to return to the INF Treaty. Russia refused, so the contract expires today, ”Pompeo wrote on the same day.

Russia fully blamed Washington for the rupture of the INF Treaty.

As the Russian side noted, Washington unreasonably brought charges against Moscow and presented such demands that the Russian side could not and should not have complied with. At the same time, the United States itself did not want to correct the comments that Moscow indicated.

“It was the United States that became the gravediggers of the treaty. They started and completed the procedure for exiting it. Meanwhile, Russia has consistently and until the very last moment advocated its preservation. Accordingly, it’s absolutely incorrect to state how some officials abroad, as well as certain mass media,  do as if our country has also withdrawn from the agreement and shares responsibility with the Americans, ”said Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergey Ryabkov.

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