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Preparing for war? Europe creates a "Storm"

Italy decided to join the Tempest (Storm) fighter program, which also includes Britain and Sweden. Preparing for war? Europe creates a "Storm"

Preparing for war? Europe creates a "Storm"

Italy decided to join the Tempest (Storm) fighter program, which also includes Britain and Sweden. The aim of the project is to develop the next generation of combat aircraft for the European continent. Why Tempest is not a competitor to the American F-35 and where it will be used, Mikhail Khodarenok, a military observer for a website , has figured out.

The United Kingdom Department of Defense introduced a concept model for the next-generation fighter, dubbed Tempest, back during the 2018 Farnborough Air Show as part of the launch of a new national aviation strategy.

The Tempest project is at the centre of this strategy, designed in large part to enable the British defense aerospace industry to retain its technological advantages in the development of fighter jets.

Now Italy is joining the sixth-generation British fighter program, expanding the project’s membership club to three partners. Sweden joined the Tempest program back in July of this year. This announcement was made with the participation of governments and industry representatives of the two countries at the three-day Royal International Air Tattoo (RIAT) event, which took place in the second half of July at the Royal Air Force Base (RAF) Fairford.
Officials at the 9th International Exhibition of Defense Systems and Equipment for All Military Forces (DSEI 2019), which is being held in London from September 10 to 13, were not sure in what form Rome would be announced to join the agreement. However, they noted that the turbulent political situation in Italy and the UK does not contribute to certainty in this matter.
It is expected that Leonardo Corporation (formerly Finmeccanica), one of Italy's largest engineering holdings, will participate in the Tempest program.
The structural divisions of this enterprise carry out orders in the areas of defense, energy, helicopter engineering, telecommunications and transport.
According to the developers, the promising Tempest fighter should make its first flight around 2040, replacing the Eurofighter Typhoon in the Royal Air Force.

The promising capabilities of the sixth generation fighter lie in the integration of manned aircraft and unmanned aerial vehicles carrying weapons and sensors, interconnected by a complex data network and cloud information infrastructure.
Information on the extent of Italy’s participation in this program was eagerly awaited at the DSEI, with some sources suggesting that Rome’s role in this project could go beyond what Sweden and its SAAB corporation signed up in July.
In turn, during a press conference in July 2019, SAAB CEO Hokan Buske called the prospect of the joint development of the British Tempest platform only one of several possible results of the unification signed by the defense ministers of the two countries.
According to him, in the near future, SAAB should participate in advanced research that can help increase the effectiveness of its latest fighter Gripen E.
Hokan Buske explained that “the efficiency of a modern aircraft is 75% dependent on software”, which makes it possible to sharply increase the combat capabilities of a fighter without significant structural changes associated with the glider and engine of the aircraft.
The Conservative Government of the United Kingdom has pledged $ 2.5 billion to finance the early stages of the program, led by BAE Systems, Rolls-Royce, the rocket manufacturer MBDA and the British subsidiary of Leonardo Corporation. But government officials have always made it clear that the Tempest program will be maximally implemented only if foreign partners connect to it and provide the project with money, technology and markets.
For example, Doug Barry, a senior air analyst at the analytic center of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London, argued that the Swedes bring several benefits to the program, and last but not least, their production skills.
“SAAB was able to create a combat-ready combat aircraft at a price a country such as Sweden can afford, so they bring cost competitiveness and many potential orders to the project,” Barry said earlier.
However, why does the UK basically need a Tempest fighter?
It is worth noting that there is no real military use of Tempest fighters for the defense of the British Isles since if you do not consider the option of a nuclear scenario, any armed clash with Russia, Western countries and with China is excluded.
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Moreover, all the recent wars waged by Great Britain were coalition (as a rule, led by the USA).
Perhaps the sixth-generation Tempest fighter will solve some problems in the overseas territories of the United Kingdom? But in this case, the enemy of the British Air Force will be aircraft much technologically lower class even Eurofighter Typhoon, not to mention Tempest.
That is, the Royal Air Force will not collide with an aircraft that would surpass them in technological level. In other words, by and large, Eurofighter Typhoon class fighters are enough to solve almost all of their tasks.
It turns out that this project, by and large, does not have any military significance.
And figuratively, we can say that the UK is “not in a race” to create fighters of this type, unlike China and Russia, for example.

It turns out that the sixth-generation aircraft is created to maintain status, and the main tasks of the Tempest project are the financial and economic plan.
London is trying to maintain its industry, the status of BAE Systems as the largest aviation and rocket and space company not only in the UK but also in the world, to load production capacities, to cheer the staff of developers, engineers and highly skilled workers.
In fact, BAE Systems is a very strong company, one might say, at the level of leading American aerospace corporations. This is tens of billions of dollars of turnover per year, the presence in all significant projects, whether military or civilian. This is a very powerful design school. For example, on the civilian Airbus liners, the British made a wing. And the wing is the most difficult thing in an aeroplane. In addition, BAE Systems is very professional in its ability to profit from its projects.
As for Sweden's participation in this project, this promises to be a very interesting option. The Swedish school of aircraft design is very good, and for a number of points. Firstly, they are masters of creating relatively small aircraft. In addition to them, no one in the world can do this. Secondly, they have a very high class for creating aircraft with an understandable cost of maintenance. Swedish machines are characterized by low labour intensity of service and its calculated cost.
A combination of BAE Systems and SAAB plus Italy is capable of issuing an aircraft that will turn out no worse than the currently created fighter in the France-Germany combination.
Recall that France, Germany and Spain create their own combat vehicle as part of the Future Combat Air System program with Airbus and Dassault corporations as project leaders.
Moreover, if they all united in this composition (Great Britain, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy), then they have enough resources to create a car comparable to the American F-35.
However, the Americans have superweapon systems (space, navigation, communications, integration, receiving information from various sources, etc.), in which the F-35 as an aeroplane is just an element.

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