Putin ordered to finance the modernization of the army of Abkhazia

Russian President Vladimir Putin has supported an agreement on Russia's financing of the modernization of the armed forces of Abkhazia Putin ordered to finance the modernization of the army of Abkhazia

Putin ordered to finance the modernization of the army of Abkhazia

Russian President Vladimir Putin has supported an agreement on Russia's financing of the modernization of the armed forces of Abkhazia. He accepted the government’s proposal to sign the document, the corresponding order was published on the legal information portal. What is the state of the Abkhaz army

“To accept the proposal of the Russian government to sign an agreement between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Abkhazia on financing the costs of modernizing the Armed Forces of the Republic of Abkhazia,” the document says. In accordance with the decree, an agreement with Abkhazia must be signed by the Russian Ministry of Defense upon final agreement.
An agreement on Russian financing of the modernization of the armed forces of Abkhazia was reached at the end of August at a meeting of the head of the Russian military department Sergei Shoigu and the Minister of Defense of Abkhazia, Army General Mirab Kishmariya,

Apsnypress agency reported.
In November 2016, the State Duma ratified an agreement with Abkhazia on a joint force grouping. According to this arrangement, the joint Russian-Abkhaz forces should, in the event of a threat or during wartime, become subordinate to the commander appointed by the Russian Ministry of Defense.
The day of creation of the Armed Forces of Abkhazia is considered October 11, 1992. It was then that the Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Abkhazia Vladislav Ardzinba signed a decree on the creation of the Ministry of Defense and the General Staff.
Ground forces are organizationally divided into three military districts: Central (Sukhumi), East (Ochamchira) and Western (Pitsunda). In the case of partial (or full) mobilization, reserve brigades may be formed from reservists, the exact number of which has not been established.
The number of personnel in the army is 2100-2200 people (with a population of Abkhazia 242 thousand people).
The Armed Forces of Abkhazia has three motorized rifle brigades (in each 3-4 motorized rifle battalions and one tank battalion), as well as separate units: an artillery regiment, an engineering battalion, a mountain rifle battalion, a reconnaissance battalion; separate groups of special purpose. As separate branches of the armed forces, there is military aviation and naval forces.
The following armaments and military equipment consists of equipping the ground forces of the Abkhaz army: 9 T-72 tanks, 50 T-55A tanks (according to other sources, up to 10 T-72 and 23 T-55), 92 units of guns and mortars (including 85-mm guns D-44, 122-mm howitzers D-30, 82-mm and 120-mm mortars), 14 MLRS BM-21 Grad, 96 units of armored combat vehicles (BMP-1 - 45, BMP-2 - 25, BRDM-2 - 11, MT-LB - 4).
There are anti-tank systems "Baby", "Bassoon", "Competition".
Air defense systems are represented by ZSU-23-4 "Shilka" (5 units), 23-mm guns ZU-23-2 (4 units), MANPADS "Strela" and "Needle" (215 "Strela-2", 35 "Needle" ), from 3 to 7 S-60 anti-aircraft guns (57-mm) and up to 14 KS-19 (100-mm), which can be used more likely as field and coastal than as anti-aircraft.
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The military aviation of the Abkhaz army is extremely small.
Its equipment consists of the following aircraft and helicopters:
- one Su-25 attack aircraft;
- five (according to other sources, two) combat training vehicles L-39 (training aircraft of Czechoslovak production) in the light attack variant are based on the territory of Babushera Airport (an airfield near Sukhum);
 two An-2 and one Yak-52 are military transport aircraft;
- four transport and combat helicopters Mi-8 (two Mi-8MT and two Mi-8MT);
- Two Mi-24P combat helicopters.
The Navy of Abkhazia is divided into three divisions. The headquarters is located in the Sukhumi lighthouse area. The main fleet bases are Sukhum, Ochamchira, Pitsunda. The number of employees is more than 700 people. The Navy includes the first marine boat division (Sukhumi), the second marine boat division (Pitsunda), and the third marine boat division (Ochamchira).
The battalion of the marines of the Abkhaz Navy consists of 350-400 people, the battalion is armed with BMP-2 infantry fighting vehicles, SPG-9 machine-gun grenade launchers, KS-19 100-mm anti-aircraft guns, AGS-17 machine-gun grenade launchers, mortars, AK-74 assault rifles and PM pistols.
The Abkhaz naval system also includes coastal defense units and special forces: three coastal defense batteries (85-mm D-44 guns and 100-mm anti-aircraft guns KS-19), an armoured train with three guns and a NURS installation, special unit “Night Angels ", Special unit" Fighting swimmers ", three stationary radar installations.
The Abkhazian Navy is equipped with artillery boats of Project 1204 Bumblebee (3 units, one in reserve), Project 1400 Gryff PSKR, hydrofoils of Project 1432 Nevka (3 units), and hydrofoils of Project 343ME Volga "(4 units), boats project 1390" Strizh "(2 units), service and travelling boats pr. 371" Admiral "(2 units).
It should be noted that open data on the combat and strength of the armed forces of Abkhazia are more than contradictory.
Russia recognized the independence of Abkhazia in 2008 following the results of the armed conflict with Georgia during the unsuccessful Tbilisi operation to forcefully resolve the South Ossetian issue. The republic itself considers itself independent since 1994.
Georgia accuses Moscow of occupying these territories, Russia rejects such accusations.
The 7th military base of the RF Armed Forces (the former 131st motorized rifle brigade) is currently deployed in the territory of Abkhazia. It is armed with 41 T-72 tanks, 4 BRDM-2, 15 MTLBs, 26 BTR-80A, 129 BTR-82AM, 36 SAU 2S3 (152 mm), 6 D-30 howitzers (122 mm), 24 mortars 2B14 and 18 2С12, 21 MLRS (18 BM-21, 3 flamethrower TOS-1), 12 self-propelled anti-tank systems “Sturm-S”, 12 anti-tank missiles MT-12 (100 mm), 2 divisions SAM-S-300P (16 PU), 18 SAM short range (12 "Wasp", 6 "Arrow-10"), 27 MANPADS "Igla", 6 SAM "Tunguska".
In general, the potential of the 7th military base significantly exceeds the potential of the Armed Forces of Abkhazia itself and is comparable with the combat and strength of the Georgian armed forces. It is Russia that guarantees the defense capability and security of Abkhazia.
“By and large, the armed forces of Abkhazia in peacetime are a reinforced motorized rifle regiment. Therefore, the costs of modernizing such an army will be relatively small and will not become too burdensome for the Russian military budget. However, the geopolitical importance of such a step significantly exceeds all possible costs, ”explained to Gazeta.Ru the ex-deputy chief of the Main Operations Directorate of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces, Lieutenant General Valery Zaparenko.

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