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As Zelensky wanted: the United States will send Ukraine rockets for Javelin

America decided to sell Ukraine 150 missiles for anti-tank missile systems Javelin. As Zelensky wanted: the United States will send Ukraine rockets for Javelin

America decided to sell Ukraine 150 missiles for anti-tank missile systems Javelin. At the same time, the purchase of “Javelins” recently surfaced in the context of the investigation around the possible impeachment of US President Donald Trump, the reason for which was his July conversation with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky.

The US administration decided to sell Ukraine 150 missiles for Javelin anti-tank missile systems in the amount of $ 39.2 million, the Department of Defense for Defense Cooperation and Security Agency DSCA, which is responsible for the supply of military equipment and weapons for a milestone for intergovernmental contracts.

Permission to comply with current arrangements issued by the US Department of State in accordance with national law has been obtained.

“The State Department has given permission for the possible sale to Ukraine of 150 Javelin rockets and related equipment for an approximate cost not exceeding $ 39.2 million,” the statement said.
The cost, according to TASS, also includes technical means of training, transportation, training of Ukrainian troops.
“The proposed sale will contribute to US foreign policy and national security by enhancing Ukraine’s security. The Javelin system will help Ukraine build its defense potential in the long term to protect its sovereignty and territorial integrity. Ukraine will not face difficulties in adopting this system, ”the statement said.
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It is worth noting that Javelin complexes recently surfaced in the context of an investigation around a possible impeachment of US President Donald Trump, the reason for which was his July conversation with Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky.
The fact is that US special envoy to Ukraine Kurt Walker, who was called to Congress to testify, could lobby the interests of the arms manufacturer Raytheon Company, which is engaged in the production of Javelin anti-tank missile systems.

According to the Pentagon, the proposed sale "will not change the overall balance of military forces in the region." In addition, the Ministry of Defense pointed to "the absence of negative consequences for the US combat readiness as a result of the proposed sale."
According to Politico, Walker is listed as the lobbying company of the BGR Group and the think tank of the McCain Institute, which had financial ties to the Raytheon Company.
He actively promoted ideas on strengthening military assistance to Ukraine, regarding the sale of Javelin complexes, the newspaper notes. At the same time, Zelensky also mentions the "Javelins" in a conversation, declaring that he wants to acquire more complexes.
According to the first deputy chairman of the State Duma’s defense committee, Alexander Sherin, the negotiation process and the approval of the Steinmeier formula by Kyiv were a cover for regrouping the forces and means of the United States and Ukraine. He notes that the delivery of a new batch of Javelin anti-tank missile systems to Kyiv may speak of preparations for military operations or provocations, RIA Novosti quoted him as saying.
The United States approved the delivery of the first batch of Javelin to Ukraine - 37 launchers and 210 missiles for a total of $ 47 million in March 2018.
This week it became known that the US Department of State approved the sale to Ukraine of the second batch of Javelin anti-tank missile systems for almost $ 40 million. It is about "selling 150 Javelin missiles and related equipment and technical support." In addition to missiles, the Ukrainian authorities intend to buy ten launchers for them.
FGM-148 "Javelin" ("throwing spear, dart") - American man-portable anti-tank missile system (ATGM). It is intended for the destruction of armoured vehicles and low-flying low-speed targets: helicopters, drones, landing helicopters. It is the first serial ATGM of the third generation.
The most important feature of the missile of this complex is the homing head, which implements the “run-and-forget” principle. With its help, sufficient combat effectiveness and greater manoeuvrability of calculation on the battlefield are provided, which contributes to its safety.
Javelin ATGM includes three main components, each of which solves its own problem. This is the Command Launch Unit (CLU) control unit, Launch Tube Assembly (LTA) transport and launch container, and the guided-missile itself. LTA and rocket are delivered to the troops as a single product. Before using weapons, this unit connects to the CLU and connects to its control systems. After that, you can perform guidance and launch missiles. After starting, the TPA type LTA is reset, and a new one is installed in its place.
FGM-148 is equipped with a tandem cumulative warhead capable of hitting armoured vehicles with dynamic defense systems. The small leading block of such a warhead has an explosive charge with a molybdenum funnel; the larger main unit is equipped with copper. The total mass of the warhead is 8.4 kg. The declared armour penetration reaches 600-800 mm of homogeneous armour for dynamic protection.
The FGM-148 Javelin anti-tank missile system was adopted by the U.S. Army more than two decades ago and still remains in operation. This system is considered modern and suitable for further operation. Replacing the "Javelins" with newer models is not yet planned.
In addition to the FGM-148 Javelin in the world, the third-generation ATGMs include the Israeli anti-tank Spike missile system developed by Rafael, the ATGM developed by the Indian company Bharat Dynamics Limited, the Chinese Hongjian-12 (similar to Javelin and some modifications of Spike).
Spike systems are in service with several countries and have been used repeatedly in combat. The American FGM-148 Javelin has extensive combat experience. The Chinese ATGM HJ-12 is already in service with the PLA and can be delivered to third countries.
“For a number of reasons, the third-generation ATGMs are not yet in service with the Russian army,” Konstantin Makienko, deputy director of the Center for Analysis of Strategies and Technologies
According to him, the domestic armed forces continue to use second-generation systems in which target destruction is ensured by automatic fire control. The most advanced Russian anti-tank system - “Cornet”. It belongs to the 2+ generation. However, the development of fundamentally new systems in Russia is already underway.
The main advantage of the third generation ATGM is the presence of a fully autonomous homing head capable of hitting a target without operator intervention, Makienko emphasizes. Thanks to this, the complex can leave the position immediately after the shot, without risking falling under retaliation. Manual or semi-automatic guidance of a rocket from this point of view makes it difficult to solve a combat mission and leads to certain risks.
However, according to the expert, all such advantages are associated with characteristic disadvantages. A modern rocket with advanced GOS and controls is of the high cost. From the point of view of the cost of production and operation of the third generation, ATGMs noticeably lose to the second. In the third generation, sophisticated electronics are available on the launcher and on the rocket. The second generation provides for the use of more complex and expensive systems only on the media, while the rocket is simplified and cheaper.

For example, a portable Javelin costs around $ 200 thousand, and the cost of a Cornet is ten times less, Konstantin Makienko recalls. And in many cases, with comparable characteristics, this makes the acquisition of a domestic ATGM much more attractive for many foreign customers.

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